Vocabulary for Ielts: Chủ đề 'Environment' - Môi trướng

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Vocabulary for Ielts: Chủ đề 'Environment' - Môi trướng
Dưới đây là một số từ vựng cần biết về chủ đề Môi trường cho các sĩ tử Ielts nè, có cả định nghĩa bằng tiếng Anh và ví dụ cụ thể nữa nhé.


  • The Environment - Môi trường
=>The air, water and land in or on which people, animals and plants live.
Ex: More must be done to protect the environmentfrom pollution.
Environmental problems are becoming very severe in many countries.
  • Climate - Khí hậu
=> The weather conditions generally present in an area or over a long period.
 Ex: The mediteranean region tends to have a mild climate over the winter.
  • Climate Change - Biến đổi khí hậu
=> The change in global climate patterns which appeared from the mid to late 20th century onwards, caused mainly by the increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
Ex: The climate around the world has been changing rapidly over the last decade.
Climate Change is one of the most serious problems that the world is facing today.
  • Carbon Dioxide (CO2) - Khí C02
=> The gas formed when carbon is burned, or when people or animals breathe out.
Ex: The burning of fossil fuels releases large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which leads to global warming.
Trees absorb carbon dioxide
  • Fossil Fuels - Nhiên liệu hóa thạch
=>A natural fuel such as coal, gas, or oil formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms.
Some people do not believe that human's reliance on fossil fuels is to blame for global warming.
  •  Global Warming - Sự nóng lên của trái đất
=> A gradual rise in the world's temperatures caused by polluting gases such as carbon dioxide which are collecting in the air around the Earth and preventing heat escaping into space.
Ex: Deforestation is contributing to global warming because tress absorb carbon dioxide.
  • Deforestation - Nạn phá rừng
=> Cutting down and clearing areas of forest.
Ex: Deforestation is destroying animal habitats.
  • Habitats - Môi trường sống
=>The natural environment in which an animal or plant usually lives.
Ex: With so many areas of woodland being cut down, a lot of wildlife is losing its natural habitat.
  •  Ecosystem - Hệ sinh thái
=>All the living things in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment.
Ex The world has a delicately balanced ecosystem, and pollution can damange this.
The marine (= related to the seaecosystem was baldy damaged by the oil spill..
  • Biodiversity - Đa dạng sinh học
=>The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat, a high level of which is usually considered to be important and desirable.
Ex: The rich and diverse biodiversity of our planet must be protected.
  • Contamination - Ô nhiễm
=> To make something less pure by exposing it to poisonous or polluting substances.
Ex: The water has been contaminated by the release of toxic chemicals into the river.
The water supply is being tested for contamination.
  • Toxic / Toxin - Chất độc, độc tố
=> Poisonous / A poisonous substance
Ex: The dumping (= disposing of something in a careless way) of toxic waste has contaminated the area.
Leaded fuel from cars releases toxins into the air which can affect the brain.
  •  Waste - Xử lý chất thải
=>A material or substance which is eliminated or discarded as no longer useful or required after the completion of a process.
Ex: The Green Party opposes any kind of nuclear waste being dumped at sea.
  • Emission - Khí thải
=> The production and discharge of something.
Ex: Emissions from car exhausts cause pollution around cities.
Carbon dioxide emissions must be reduced
  • Erosion - Xói mòn
=> To gradually reduce or destroy.
Ex: Over-farming causes soil erosion.
  • Drought - Hạn hán
=> A prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water.
Ex: The severe drought this year has led to the loss of many lives.
  • Pollution - Sự ô nhiễm
=> Damage caused to water, air, land etc. by harmful substances or waste.
Ex: Environmental pollution must be a top priority of governments.
The air around the factory is very polluted.
  • Sustainable - Bền vững
=>Causing little or no damage to the environment and therefore able to continue for a long time.
Countries need to promote sustainable development in order to protect the environment from further damage.



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